Camouflage isn't new. The ancient Greeks painted their boats blue-gray for concealment; the reconnaissance/intelligence-gathering boats Julius Caesar sent to scoop out the coast of Britain were painted entirely in bluish-green wax, as were the sails, ropes and even the crew. The French are generally credited with developing camouflage for use in war. In fact, "a 15th-century French manuscript, The Hunting Book of Gaston Phebus, shows a horse pulling a cart which contains a hunter armed with a crossbow under a cover of branches, perhaps serving as a hide." Then World War I came along and that brings us to Enid Jackson, as she was known then.
|World War I Dazzle Camouflage|
Enid was born I 1897 to a wealthy Canadian doctor, Robert G. Jackson and his wife, Robina Ann. The Jacksons moved to Tacoma sometime around 1912. She went to Annie Wright Seminary and after graduation began studying art at the Ogontz School for Young Ladies near Philadelphia. There she paid particular attention to learning how to disguise roofs. While in Tacoma, she learned to drive, while in Philadelphia, she learned to fly, saying, she wanted "to learn from the sky how to correct colors for purposes of deception."
The earliest camouflage artists came from France's Impressionism, Post-Impressionist and Fauve schools of art. However, cubism and vorticism, both of which often focused on disrupting outlines and played with abstraction and color theory, contributed to the war effort.
|Soldier inside a fake tree|
|Hiding under netting|